Drug addiction is a complex disease. It is a chronic, relapsing brain disease and involves a combination of ecological, physiological and historical factors. It is not voluntary behavior and is often a fatal illness.
Addiction treatment and rehabilitation in Kenya is largely a private sector and NGO affair dating back to 1978. Treatment and rehabilitation centers are few, operate in a policy vacuum and are expensive for the majority of Kenyans. Treatment services and opportunities may include detoxification, substitution or maintenance therapy and/or psychosocial therapies and counseling.
- No single treatment is appropriate for all individuals
- Effective treatment attends to multiple needs of the individual, not just his/her drug use
- Treatment must address medical, psychological, social, vocational, and legal problems
The Duration of Treatment
Depends on patient problems/needs. Less than 90 days is of limited/no effectiveness for
residential/outpatient setting. Mostly longer treatment is often indicated.
Detoxification safely manages the physical symptoms of withdrawal and any symptoms of
psychiatric and emotional disorders. It is only the first stage of addiction treatment. Alone, it does little to change long-term drug use. The Focus on stabilization and takes a couple of days usually 3 to 10.
- Refers to the process by which a person presenting with a substance related problem
achieves an optimal state of health psychological functioning and social well-being devoid of substance abuse.
- The process may also be rehabilitation depending on client’s needs.
- Typically follows detoxification and, if required, other medical and psychiatric treatment
- It encompasses a variety of approaches which may include psycho education ,group therapy, family therapy, specific behavior therapies to prevent relapse, involvement with a self-help group, residence in a therapeutic community or halfway house, vocational and survival skills training. There is an expectation of social reintegration into the wider community.
- The approaches used often depend on the model used.
Medications for drug addiction
- Antabuse/ disulfiram
- Nicotine Replacement
- A broad range of community-based service supports designed to maintain benefits when structured treatment has been completed.
- It may involve a continuation of individual or group counseling and other supports, but
usually at a lower intensity and often by other agencies.
- Self-help groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous are important providers of aftercare services
During Assessment We Shun The Assumption One Shoes Size Fits All. Therefore We
Administer A Comprehensive Screening And Assessment Process That Helps Us To
Understand Nature And Cause Of The Presenting Problems. Subsequently, An Individualized Treatment Plan (I.T.P) Is Prepared For Our Clients
A process where standardized screening questionnaires are administered to ascertain or rule out existence of a mental health problem. Screening guides the course of treatment i.e. whether to commence counseling or refer to other agencies.
This is a process of testing where the client is asked a set of questions to arrive at a diagnosis that guides the treatment process, This is carried out by a team of professionals who involve the client through the process so that its client centered.
A holistic bio-psychosocial spiritual and cultural approach is used to help the client deal with identified problems. A treatment alliance is formed between the client, family and care
provider and evidence based modalities are used.